DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Bruce Carlson

Associate Professor, Department Chair

Contact Information:

Email: carlsonb(->AT<-)ohio.edu
Phone: 740-593-1077
200C Porter Hall
Ohio University
Athens, OH 45701


Research Area:
Social Judgment & Behavioral Decision Making

Specialization:
Quantitative, Cognitive

Research Interests

My main research focus is on how people interpret, estimate, evaluate and communicate numerical quantities. Numerical reasoning and judgment are fundamental cognitive skills essential to everyday life. Failure to judge or accurately communicate numerical quantities may have disastrous consequences, whether a person is an intelligence analyst for the federal government assessing troop strength or a lawyer estimating financial damages sustained by a client. Numerical estimation is also vital to more mundane tasks, such as a dieter tracking daily calorie consumption. Currently, I am pursuing two lines of research. For the first, I am investigating the use of heuristics in the estimation of numerical quantitites. For the second, I am studying people's conceptions of randomness and how these conceptions influence their perceptions of the covariation of events.

 

Education

BA (1975) Augustana College

Ph.D. (1984) University of Michigan

Selected Publications

Nash, J. G., Schumacher, G. M., & Carlson, B. W. (1993).
Writing from sources: A A structure-mapping model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 85, 159-170.
Carlson, B. W. (1993).
The accuracy of future forecasts and past judgments. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 54, 245-276.
Stout, C., Kotses, H., Carlson, B., & Creer, T. L. (1991).
Predicting asthma in individual patients. Journal of Asthma, 28, 41-47.
Carlson, B. W., Green, J., & Lynn, S. J. (1991).
Loglinear analysis: A primer for hypnosis researchers. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 19, 29-30.
Kelder, L. R., McNamara, J. R., Carlson, B. W., & Lynn, S. J. (1991).
Perceptions of physical punishment: The relation to childhood and adolescent experiences. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6, 432-445.
Pinzone, H. A., Carlson, B. W., Kotses, H., & Creer, T. L. (1991).
Prediction of asthma episodes in children using peak expiratory flow rates, mediation compliance, and exercise data. Annals of Allergy, 67, 481-486.

Recent Grants

  • 1998-99 - "Air Pollution and Health Impact Assessment," Ohio Air Quality Development Authority, $164,853 (12/1/99-12/31/00), extension, K. Crist & B. Carlson (co-P.I.s).
  • 1991-92 - Redesign of Psychology 121 (1804 Grant)

Courses Taught

Undergraduate:
Experimental Psychology; Experiment Design and Analysis

Graduate:
Intermediate Statistics; Intermediate Correlation and Regression; Multivariate Statistics II; Health Statistics